Difference Between 189 And 190 Visa Australia!

Australia is a popular destination for immigrants and skilled workers. The Australian government offers qualified people a wide range of employment options. The department provides skilled independent visa 189 and skilled nominated visa 190. Both visas are intended to draw in experienced and qualified immigrants whose jobs are on the occupation list. A points-based system is for the 189 and 190 visas to rank candidates according to age, English language proficiency, work experience, and qualifications.

To know the difference between these two visas, let us understand what these visas are.

Must Read: 189 Visa Processing Time

Skilled Independent Subclass 189 Visa

A skilled independent visa is available in Australia for highly talented international workers. If you have a visa 189, you can work and reside in Australia indefinitely. It is a long-term visa. To pursue a career in Australia, skilled professionals must apply for visa 189. It is almost AUD 4,115 in price. You can sponsor your eligible relatives to submit an 189 visa application for permanent residency in Australia.

Under 45 skilled workers are eligible to apply for 189 visa. This visa is point-tested. Thus, you must complete the points exam with a minimum score of 65. Your chances of getting a visa 189 will rise if your points are 65 or more. 

You can live and work in Australia indefinitely with visa number 189. Additionally, it offers a capacity for repeated trips. You can move to and from Australia for five years. You become an Australian permanent resident when you obtain your visa 189. Additionally, if you qualify, you can apply for Australian citizenship.

Skilled Nominated Visa Subclass 190

Visa 190 is for foreign nationals who have been nominated as skilled workers. Skilled nominated visa subclass 190 applications are open to skilled workers designated by state or territory governments in Australia. The primary distinction between an 189 and 190 visa is the state nomination. It is a long-term visa. You can live and work in Australia indefinitely with a skilled nominated visa. You can obtain this visa if you are under 45.

Expressions of Interest (EOI) must be submitted using SkillSelect. Points will be awarded based on the statements you make in your EOI. A points-based system underpins Visa 190. To pass the points test, you must earn at least 65. If your score is less than 65, the Department of Home Affairs will not invite you for a visa subclass 190.

A skills evaluation is essential for the occupation you have picked. Visa 190 costs approximately AUD 4,115. You can add a family member to your visa application. There will be extra costs if you apply alongside a family member.

The Difference Between 190 And 189 Visa

The 189 and 190 visas are similar in several ways, but they differ significantly in other ways, which are as follows: 

1. Sponsorship By A State Or Territory

The need for sponsorship from an Australian State or Territory is the primary distinction between the 189 and 190 visas. The only requirement needed to obtain a 190 visa is to be sponsored by an Australian State or Territory, which imposes additional requirements that must be met to receive the visa.

The 189 visa does not require sponsorship from any state or territory, so you are free to live and work anywhere in Australia for the duration of your life. Because the 190 visa requires sponsorship from a state or territory, you must first ascertain the requirements set forth by the specific state or territory you intend to apply for sponsorship. 

Since some work and residency requirements will differ for each state and territory, it is crucial to understand these requirements in advance. It can entail having to reside and work in a state or area for a predetermined period before getting an invitation. Certain professions might also be subject to extra requirements; it depends on the state or territory in which you get sponsorship.

However, one advantage of the 189 visa is that you can apply for this visa without a state or territory sponsoring you to acquire a nomination. With an independent visa, you can live and work anywhere in Australia without being subject to ongoing responsibilities to any particular Australian state or territory. On the other hand, after obtaining a visa 190, you may reside and work in the state/territory, sponsoring you for two years.

Read: Know About The 190 Visa Processing Time Australia

2. Occupation List

Another distinction between the 189 and 190 visas is the qualified list acceptable. You can nominate any occupation on the Medium and Long Term Strategic Skills List (MLTSSL) for the 189 visa; state or territorial designation isn’t necessary. On the other hand, since your invitation for a skilled nominated visa is contingent upon state or territory sponsorship, you must ensure that your profession is on the particular state or territory occupation list—not all states and territories that nominate their residents share the same list.

The states and territories may choose different vocations from the MLTSSL or the Short-Term Skilled Occupation List (STSOL), depending on whether the candidate is onshore or offshore. For Masters and PhD holders, there is an additional postgraduate stream; the requirements for this stream differ according to the state or territory.

Some occupations are subject to additional requirements in some states and territories. These requirements may include a higher minimum points score essential for post-qualification work experience.

3. Invitation Rounds

The invitation rounds for the 189 and 190 visas differ in procedure and frequency. The Federal Government typically extends invitations for the 189 visa once a month to all MLTSSL occupations.

There is an occupation ceiling, or cap on the total number of EOIs that can be chosen for a specific occupation, for the 189 visa invitation rounds. Because the Australian Bureau of Statistics releases employment statistics, It guarantees a fair distribution of invites among these. After an occupation reaches its quota, or “ceiling,”  invitations to apply for that job will no longer be issued.

Since they send out invites based on their unique needs and shortfalls, the states and territories have more latitude in choosing EOIs. It makes the states/territories support their development plans through the migration program and promotes a more evenly distributed intake of skilled migrants.

The 189 and 190 visas are two different pathways with different requirements, even though they are both permanent visas under Australia’s General Skilled Migration Program.


Australia grants skilled and qualified individuals from all over the world the Skilled Visas 189 and 190. Australia is a popular destination for long-term residents. Most individuals who choose to work in Australia inquire about the distinction between the 189 and 190 visas. 

The state sponsorship criteria are the primary distinction between the 189 and 190 visa categories. To apply for a subclass 190 Visa, you must have an Australian state or territory government sponsor. When applying for a visa 189, however, you do not require this sponsorship. These are both permanent visas with advantages that are almost equal.

Consult with a Registered Migration Agent in Perth if you are interested in obtaining one of these visas or would want additional information.